Unit Theme: Progressive reform movements promoted government efforts to address problems created by rapid industrialization, immigration, and unfair treatment of women, children, and ethnic minority groups. An expanding market for international trade promoted policies that resulted in America emerging as a world power. The involvement of the United States in World War I affected politics, the economy, and geopolitical relations following the war.

Key Understandings:

  • The rise of the Progressive Movement and its relationship with the Populist Movement.
  • The causes and consequences of the Spanish-American War (e.g., United States justifications, the role of the United States in Cuba, impact on international relations, the acquisition of new territories)
  • The elements that contributed to late 19th century expansionist foreign policy, including racial ideology, missionary zeal, nationalism, domestic tensions, and economic interests.
  • Analyze United States foreign policy through World War I, including relations with Japan and China, the Spanish, Cuban, American War, and the building of the Panama Canal.
  • Describe the major events, personalities, and decisions of World War I, including the causes of United States involvement, social conditions on the home front, significant battles, Wilson’s peace plan, and isolationism.

Essential Questions:

  • How did the excesses of the Gilded Age contribute to the development of the Progressive Movement?
  • What are the legacies of the Progressive Movement?
  • How and why did the United States take a more active role in world affairs?
  • Do power and success require responsibility? Was imperialism justified?
  • How did the United States expand its influence in the world?
  • Why did the United States become involved in World War I?
  • How did visions of Knowledge:
  • The causes of Progressivism and compare it to Populism.
  • The effects of social and political Progressivism.
  • The key factors that prodded America to expand its influence worldwide.
  • The causes and consequences of the war, including the debate over imperialism.
  • The similarities and differences of Roosevelt’s “big stick” diplomacy”, Taft’s “dollar diplomacy, and Wilson’s “moral diplomacy”.
  • How the American government mobilized the public to support the WWI effort.
  • How the war changed America’s role in world affairs.the postwar world differ?

Knowledge:

  • The causes of Progressivism and compare it to Populism.
  • The effects of social and political Progressivism.
  • The key factors that prodded America to expand its influence worldwide.
  • The causes and consequences of the war, including the debate over imperialism.
  • The similarities and differences of Roosevelt’s “big stick” diplomacy”, Taft’s “dollar diplomacy, and Wilson’s “moral diplomacy”.
  • How the American government mobilized the public to support the WWI effort.
  • How the war changed America’s role in world affairs.
  • Knowledge:The causes of Progressivism and compare it to Populism.The effects of social and political Progressivism.The key factors that prodded America to expand its influence worldwide.The causes and consequences of the war, including the debate over imperialism.The similarities and differences of Roosevelt’s “big stick” diplomacy”, Taft’s “dollar diplomacy, and Wilson’s “moral diplomacy”.How the American government mobilized the public to support the WWI effort.How the war changed America’s role in world affairs.

Skills:

  • Evaluate current issues, events, or themes and trace their evolution through historical periods.
  • Apply problem-solving skills to national, state, or local issues and propose reasoned solutions.
  • Gather, analyze, and reconcile information from primary and secondary sources to support or reject hypotheses.
  • Analyze social, political, and cultural change and evaluate the impact of each on local, state, national, and international issues and events.
  • Formulate questions and hypotheses from multiple perspectives, using multiple sources.

Return to the US II Curriculum Table of Contents

Unit 1: The Emergence of the Modern United States (1890 – 1920)